Volume 7 Number 5 (May 2012)
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JCP 2012 Vol.7(5): 1270-1277 ISSN: 1796-203X
doi: 10.4304/jcp.7.5.1270-1277

A Fully-Integrated Buck Converter Design and Implementation for On-Chip Power Supplies

Qinghua Li
Engineering Research Center of Expressway Construction and Maintenance Equipment & Technology Chang’an University, Xi’an, China
Abstract—A 5V-2.5V fully-integrated low-power buck converter was designed and implemented using 0.5μm CMOS technology. The critical circuits of the high frequency controller and an on-chip multi-layer spiral inductor were presented. The structure of multi-layer spiral inductor having parallel and series branches of the metal strip. As the result that the parallel branching structure greatly reduced the series resistance and the series branching structure greatly improved the series inductance of the inductor, the structure can achieve quality factor and current capability enhancement while compatible with conventional CMOS process. The quality factor was quantitatively analyzed with a scalable model and its origin was investigated at a structural point of view. From chip measurement results, when the converter is running at the rated load, the average output voltage of 2.5V, the output voltage ripple within ±2%, and the energy efficiency of 46% are achieved.

Index Terms—Fully-integrated buck converter, spiral inductor, output voltage ripple, fourth term, energy efficiency.

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Cite: Qinghua Li, "A Fully-Integrated Buck Converter Design and Implementation for On-Chip Power Supplies," Journal of Computers vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 1270-1277, 2012.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-203X
Abbreviated Title: J.Comput.
Frequency: Monthly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Liansheng Tan
Executive Editor: Ms. Nina Lee
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO,  ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, CNKI,etc
E-mail: jcp@iap.org
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