Volume 7 Number 12 (Dec. 2012)
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JCP 2012 Vol.7(12): 3060-3067 ISSN: 1796-203X
doi: 10.4304/jcp.7.12.3060-3067

Nonlinear Internal Model Control Using Echo State Network for Pneumatic Muscle System

Jun Wu, Yongji Wang, Jian Huang, Hanying Zhou
Key Laboratory of Image Processing and Intelligent Control, Department of Control Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 430074, Wuhan, China

Abstract—Pneumatic muscle (PM) has many advantages such as light weight, high power to weight ratio and low price. However, it has strong time varying characteristic. The complex nonlinear dynamics of PM system poses some challenges for achieving accurate modeling and control. To solve these problems, we propose nonlinear internal model control (IMC) using echo state network (ESN) for PM system in this paper. The ESN based IMC is termed ESNBIMC, which fully embodies the virtues of ESN and IMC. In ESNBIMC, the dynamic model of PM system is identified by an ESN. The other ESN is trained to learn the inverse dynamics of the system, and then it can be used as a nonlinear controller. Recursive Least Square (RLS) algorithm can be applied to online training the ESN without affecting the previous weight structure, which is very suitable for real-time control problems. By using the identification ability of ESN and RLS, high accurate plant model of PM system without detailed model information can be built. In addition, strong robustness also can be attained by online self-tuning of controller and internal model. Experiment demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm. The results show that ESNBIMC achieves satisfactory tracking performance for PM system.

Index Terms—Internal model control, echo state network, pneumatic muscle, nonlinear control.

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Cite: Jun Wu, Yongji Wang, Jian Huang, Hanying Zhou, "Nonlinear Internal Model Control Using Echo State Network for Pneumatic Muscle System," Journal of Computers vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 3060-3067, 2012.

General Information

ISSN: 1796-203X
Abbreviated Title: J.Comput.
Frequency: Bimonthly
Editor-in-Chief: Prof. Liansheng Tan
Executive Editor: Ms. Nina Lee
Abstracting/ Indexing: DBLP, EBSCO,  ProQuest, INSPEC, ULRICH's Periodicals Directory, WorldCat, CNKI,etc
E-mail: jcp@iap.org
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